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Eastman Kodak Co., of Rochester, New York, is an American film maker and camera maker. For at least three quarters of the 20th century it played the dominant role in worldwide photography business.



In 1879 George Eastman, amateur photographer and employee of a bank in Rochester, had invented an emulsion-coating machine for mass production of dry plates and got a patent on it in England. In 1881 he and Rochester's local buggy whip manufacturer Henry A. Strong founded the Eastman Dry Plate Company in the town in the north of the state of New York (USA).

In 1883, a year after having solved troubles with bad quality gelatine that spoiled film plates, the company moved to a four-story building which later got the address 343 State Street, longtime headquarters address of the company. In 1884 Eastman and Strong transformed their partnership to a corporation for which they gathered the first shareholders. In 1885 the American Film was introduced, a paper roll film which needed a special development process, made usable with the new Eastman-Walker rollfilm holder. This was used later in the first two Kodak cameras. However Eastman knew that he needed a transparent film for the future, and hired the chemist Henry H. Reichenbach as research scientist. The transparent roll film would be delivered in 1889.

Eastman's goal in life was to simplify and to popularize photography. The first step towards that goal was the "Kodak" camera he introduced in 1888 which had a built-in 100-exposure paper roll film costing $25, a huge amount. The box camera had to be sent back to the factory once all the exposures had been used. The customers got their cameras back with new film roll loaded into it, and the image prints. In 1890 a Kodak folding camera with built-in 48 exposure film roll followed. After years of advertising the brand Kodak the company was renamed Eastman Kodak Co. In 1900 Eastman had reached his goal, offering the Brownie rollfilm camera which cost only $1 including a 6 exposure film. Further film rolls cost just 15 cents. The Brownie camera series was continued until 1970.

Through the early twentieth century, Kodak produced an increasingly large range of cameras, in an increasing range of film formats - becoming the dominant supplier of both cameras and film.

Kodak used to have autonomous branches in other countries, which developed their own lines of products, as Ford did for cars. The German branch Kodak AG, which made the famous Retina models, is discussed in a separate page, as is Kodak Ltd. (UK). At its peak Kodak's international plants were

  • in Canada: Kodak Canada Limited, Toronto
  • in UK: Kodak Limited, several plants
  • in France: Kodak Pathé, several plants
  • in Germany: Kodak AG, Stuttgart (formerly Nagel)
  • in Australia: Kodak Australasia Pty. Ltd., Coburg
  • in Argentina: Kodak Argentina S.A.I.C., Buenos Aires
  • in Brazil: Kodak Brasileira Comércio e Indústria Ltda., Sao Paolo
  • in Spain: Kodak S.A., Madrid
  • in Mexico: Kodak Industrial, S.A. de C.V.
With exception of the Mexican plant all these international branches made cameras. Most U.S. plants outside Rochester specialized in producing basic materials like gelatine (Peabody/Massachusetts), plastics (Longview/Texas), chemicals (Batesville/Arkansas), polyester fibre (Columbia/S.C.), and basic materials for film making and others (Kingsport/Tennessee). Some of the films and plates were made in Windsor/Colorado.

At its peak, the company was huge and made everything connected with photography: cameras, lenses (including some of the best lenses of the mid-20th century, see Kodak lenses), film, and processing chemicals and equipment, in addition to photographic materials used in the graphic arts industry (for example, for printing). It also conducted important photographic research and development. 60,000 people were working for Kodak in Rochester. In 1966 the company had 100,000 employees worldwide.

The most popular Kodak cameras were the ones for 126 film cartridges. The first of these cameras was launched in 1963. By 1976, 60 million Instamatic cameras had been sold, six times more than all competitors put together had sold of this camera type, and also six times more than Kodak's previous big success, the Brownie Star camera series (10 million Starflex, Starmite, and Starflash sold, made from 1957 to 1962). Another huge success was achieved with Kodak's type 110 pocket film cartridges and pocket cameras which were introduced in 1972. But this time other companies took a larger share of the market by abandoning their own miniature film formats and introducing smart pocket cameras for 110 film instead. Kodak's decline began when it flopped with another miniature film format, the disc film, in the 1980s.

In the late 1970s, Kodak developed Instant cameras and a new Instant Picture system, in competition with Polaroid. This led to lawsuits, resulting in a loss for Kodak. Damages of over $900 million were awarded to Polaroid[1].

In the year 1976 camera engineer Steven Sasson developed Kodak's first digital still camera (for 0.1 megapixel black&white exposures), based on newest CCD technology. Kodak didn't realize the huge value of this invention and delayed the production of digital consumer cameras until it was too late to enter the digital market with the huge success that Kodak was used to having. In August 2006 it abandoned the production of digital cameras by outsourcing the production to Flextronics, an all-and-everything OEM manufacturer in Singapore.


Becoming the only super power in a market of popular and professional products was not just based on product quality. Advertising the big brand was always a not underestimatable factor of Kodak's success.

35mm film

  • Kodak Star 35 af
  • Kodak Star 35 sf
  • Kodak Star 235
  • Kodak Star 275
  • Kodak Star 335
  • Kodak Star 435
  • Kodak Star 535
  • Kodak Star 635
  • Kodak Star 735, 735R
  • Kodak Star 835AF
  • Kodak Star 875AF
  • Kodak Star 935
  • Kodak Star 1035Z, 1035ZD
  • Kodak Star 1000
  • Kodak Star Auto Focus
  • Kodak Star EF
  • Kodak Star Focus Free
  • Kodak Star Motordrive
  • Kodak Star Zoom 70, Star Zoom 105
  • Kodak Stereo
  • Kodak VR35, models K2,K2a,K4a,K5,K6,K10, K12, K14, K40, K60, K80, K300, K400, K500
  • Kodak KB series, models KB10,KB12,KB18,KB20,KB22,KB28,KB30,KB Zoom

Roll film

101 film

103 film

105 film

116 film

118 film

120 film

  • Kodak Brownie boy scout
  • Kodak Beau Brownie No.2
  • No.2 Brownie camera
  • Portrait Brownie No.2
  • No.2 Brownie Junior uk model
  • No.2 Brownie Special
  • No.2 Brownie Special Century of Progress-World s fair souvenir

120 film, folder

  • Pocket Kodak No. 1a
  • Pocket Kodak No. 2c
  • Pocket Kodak No. 3a
  • Pocket Kodak Junior No. 1
  • Pocket Kodak Junior No. 1a
  • Pocket Kodak No. 1 series II with autographic 120 film
  • Pocket Kodak No. 1a series II
  • Pocket Kodak Special No. 1
  • Pocket Kodak Special No. 1a
  • Pocket Kodak Special No. 2c
  • Pocket Kodak Special No. 3

120 film, box

122 film

123 film

124 film

127 film

616 film

620 film

828 Bantam film

Plate and sheet film

Premo film pack cameras

Folding plate cameras

postcard format

large format

Cartridge film

126 film

See the Instamatic Page.

110 film

See also [[Instamatic#110%Cartridge|Instamatic 110 list]].

  • Kodak Stylelite pocket
  • Kodak Tele-Ektra 1
  • Kodak Tele-Ektra 2
  • Kodak Tele-Ektra 32
  • Kodak Tele-Ektra 300
  • Kodak Tele-Ektra 350
  • Kodak Tele-Ektralite 20
  • Kodak Winner Pocket Camera
  • Mickey-Matic Camera
  • Pocket Instamatic 20
  • Pocket Instamatic 30
  • Pocket Instamatic 50
  • Star 110 Camera

APS film

See the Advantix page

Special film

Kodak disc film

  • Kodak disc 3000
  • Kodak disc 3100
  • Kodak disc 3500
  • Kodak disc 3600
  • Kodak disc 4000
  • Kodak disc 4100
  • Kodak disc 6100

Instant film

16mm film


just display, no optical finder

  • Kodak Easyshare C433, C875
  • Kodak Easyshare LS755
  • Kodak Easyshare One 4MP, 6MP
  • Kodak Easyshare V530, V570, V603, V610, V705
  • Kodak EasyShare Z885

display and optical finder

  • Kodak DC20, DC25, DC40, DC50 Zoom, DC120 Zoom, DC200, DC200 Plus, DC210, DC210 Plus, DC215, DC220, DC220 Pro Edition, DC240, DC260, DC260 Pro Edition, DC265, DC290, DC3200, DC3400, DC3800, DC4800, DC5000
  • Kodak Easyshare DX3215, DX3500, DX3600, DX3700, DX3900, DX4330, DX4530, DX4900, DX6340, DX6440, DX7440, DX7630
  • Kodak Easyshare CX4200, CX4210, CX4230, CX4300, CX4310, CX6200, CX6230, CX6330, CX6445, CX7220, CX7300, CX7310, CX7330, CX7430, CX7525, CX7530
  • Kodak Easyshare CW330
  • Kodak Easyshare CD33, CD40, CD43
  • Kodak Easyshare C300, C310, C315, C330, C340, C360, C503, C530, C533, C603, C643, C663, C703, C743
  • Kodak Easyshare LS420, LS443, LS633, LS743, LS753
  • Kodak Easyshare V550, V705
  • Kodak Easyshare Z700, Z730, Z760

display and electronic finder


Nikon AF mount

  • Kodak DCS 100 (back attached to a Nikon F3)
  • Kodak DCS 200 (back attached to a Nikon F801s/N8008s)
  • Kodak DCS 315 [back attached to Nikon Pronea 6i)
  • Kodak DCS 410 (back attached to a Nikon F90/N90)
  • Kodak DCS 420 (back attached to a Nikon F90/N90 or F90X/N90s)
  • Kodak DCS 460 (back attached to a Nikon F90X/N90s)
  • Kodak NC2000 (back attached to a Nikon F90/N90 or F90X/N90s)
  • Kodak NC2000e (back attached to a Nikon F90X/N90s)
  • Kodak DCS 620 / DCS 620x (based on a Nikon F5)
  • Kodak DCS 660 / DCS 660M (based on a Nikon F5)
  • Kodak DCS 720x (based on a Nikon F5)
  • Kodak DCS 760 (based on a Nikon F5)
  • Kodak DCS Pro 14n
  • Kodak DCS Pro SLR/n

Canon EF mount

  • Kodak EOS-DCS 1 (back attached to a Canon EOS-1N)
  • Kodak EOS-DCS 3 (back attached to a Canon EOS-1N)
  • Kodak EOS-DCS 5 (back attached to a Canon EOS-1N)
  • Kodak DCS 520 (based on a Canon EOS-1N and also sold as Canon D2000)
  • Kodak DCS 560 (based on a Canon EOS-1N)
  • Kodak DCS Pro SLR/c

Nikon Pronea mount

  • Kodak DCS 315 (based on a Nikon Pronea 600i)
  • Kodak DCS 330 (based on a Nikon Pronea 600i)


  1. Polaroid corp. v Eastman Kodak Co.


photography related industry in Rochester (New York)
American Camera | Bausch & Lomb | Blair | Century | Crown Optical Co. | Elgeet | Folmer & Schwing | Gassner and Marx | Graflex | Gundlach | Ilex | JML | Kodak | Milburn | Monroe | PMC | Ray | Reichenbach, Morey and Will | Rochester Camera and Supply Co. | Rochester Optical Co. | Seneca | Sunart | Walker | Wollensak
and in Rochester (Minnesota)
external links
graflex.org - Rudolf Kingslake's
"Optical industry in Rochester (N.Y.)"


  • KODAK Milestones, 1880-1980, Eastman Kodak Company, Rochester NY, USA: 1980.
  • Coe, Brian, Kodak Cameras: The First Hundred Years, p.60, Hove Foto Books, Hove, East Sussex, UK: 1988.

Websites in English:

Websites in French: